Travel Route from Sweden
It appears that many of the Swedish colonists arrived via the port of St. John at the mouth of the St. John River and then traveled by boat upriver to Perth-Andover, New Brunswick. They would have traveled overland to Maine crossing the border at Fort Fairfield before proceeding on to New Sweden.
Some immigrants did come through other ports such as New York and some did venture north from other parts of the U.S.
For an example of how a group in 1871 traveled, see the notes for K. A. Olivenbaum at:
First Settlers of the Maine Swedish Colony
In 1871 eleven families (50 people) from Undersaker, Sweden immigrated together as follows:
by team to Ostersund, Sweden;
by rail to Stockholm, Sweden;
by boat to Gotenborg, Sweden via Gota Canal;
over North Sea to Leith, Scotland;
by rail to Edinburgh to Glasgow, Scotland;
by steamer Arcadia 18 days to Halifax, Nova Scotia;
to St. John, New Brunswick by smaller steamer;
up St. John River to Fredericton, New Brunswick;
by side-wheeler steam boat to Woodstock, New Brunswick;
by tow boat pulled by horses to Tobique Landing, New Brunswick;
by team to Fort Fairfield, Maine;
by horse and wagon to Caribou, Maine and finally New Sweden, Maine.
(Described in “The Olivenbaum Family 1828-1942” in three parts by Edward Olivenbaum, Clermont, Florida 1983)
For a description of how the first settlers to New Sweden, Maine traveled see:
Maine’s Historic Swedish Colony
The first group of fifty-one Swedish settlers sailed from Sweden on June 25, 1870 to Hull, England; then by rail to Liverpool, England; then sailed to Halifax, Nova Scotia arriving on July 13. They ascended the St. John River by steamer to Fredericton, New Brunswick where they transferred to horse-drawn tow-boats to Tobique Landing (now Perth-Andover). They then traveled by wagon train to a welcoming luncheon in Fort Fairfield, and on to Caribou for a bountiful supper and overnight in Arnold’s Hall. The wagon train continued on July 23 along a newly cut woods road, arriving at noon at their new home, which Thomas named New Sweden.
For a description of how the first settlers of New Denmark traveled see:
“Pioneers, Ploughs, and Politics: New Brunswick Planned Settlements”
The first group of twenty-seven Danish settlers boarded a steamship in Copenhagen, Denmark to go to Liverpool, England; ship to St. John, New Brunswick; up the St. John River to Fredericton, New Brunswick; steamer to their final destination where they established New Denmark, New Brunswick.
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